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Articles - Artigos
Articles are small words that precede the substantive (a noun).
Definite article: used to indicate that a thing is unique in some way.
O carro The car (O / the refer to a specific car and not to any car)
Indefinite article: used to indicate that a thing is not identified as unique.
Um carro A car (Um/ A refer to any car)
In Portuguese the article must agree in gender and number with the noun, which means that the definite article o, for example, should precede a singular and masculine (as you could see in the first example - "o carro"). Observe the chart below:
For more information on that take a look at the lesson about feminine and masculine words.