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Articles - Artigos

 

Definite and Indefinite articles – Artigo Definido e Indefinido

Articles are small words that precede the substantive (a noun). 

Definite article: used to indicate that a thing is unique in some way.

Example:

• O carro – The car (O / the – refer to a specific car and not to any car)

 

Indefinite article: used to indicate that a thing is not identified as unique.

Example:

• Um carro – A car (Um/ A – refer to any car)

 

In Portuguese the article must agree in gender and number with the noun, which means that the definite article o, for example, should precede a singular and masculine (as you could see in the first example - "o carro").  Observe the chart below: 

 

Articles

 

Definite - singular /plural

The

Indefinite - singular / plural

A / Some

Masculine

O     / Os  

Um    / Uns  

Feminine

A     /  As    

Uma    / Umas  

Examples:

  • o livro – the book   / os livros – the books
  • um carro – a car  / uns carros – some cars
  • a casa – the house / as casas – the houses
  • uma menina – a girl / umas meninas – some girls

For more information on that take a look at the lesson about feminine and masculine words.