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Demonstrative Pronouns / Pronomes Demonstrativos
Used when something is close to the speaker. “This” means este /esta and “these” means estes / estas. Study the chart below:
• Este prato (this plate) / Estes pratos (these plates) – (observe that “este” is singular / masculine
and “estes” is plural / masculine)
• Esta mesa (this table) / Estas mesas (these tables) – (observe that “esta” is singular / feminine and “estas” is plural / feminine)
These demonstrative pronouns are used when something is far from the speaker but close to the listener. “That” means esse / essa and “those” means esses / essas. the chart below.
• Esse livro (that book ) / Esses livros (those books) – (observe that “esse” is singular / masculine and “esses” is plural / masculine)
• Essa casa (that house) / Essas casas (those houses) – (observe that “essa” is singular / feminine and “essas” is plural / feminine)
In Portuguese you’ll find demonstrative pronouns to refer to things that are further away in space or time from both speaker and listener. Study the translation of them in the chart below:
• Aquele homem (that man) / Aqueles homens (those men) – (observe that “aquele” is singular / masculine and “aqueles” is plural / masculine)
• Aquela chave (that key) / Aquelas chaves (those keys) – (observe that “aquela” is singular / feminine and “aquelas” is plural / feminine)
You can use Isto (this thing, this), Isso (that thing, that) and Aquilo (that thing) – to express your opinion or ideas. You can also use them to point something, without saying the name of the thing. These demonstrative pronouns do not identify objects (they don’t accompany a noun) and they are used just in the singular form.
• O que é isso? What is that?
• O que é aquilo? What is that thing over there?
• Isto não é bom. This is not good.