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FUTURE SIMPLE AND COMPOUND - FUTURO SIMPLES E COMPOSTO

To conjugate the future you can use either a simple tense or a compound tense. To form a simple tense you just use one verb - the main verb - and to form a compound tense you must use two verbs - an auxiliary verb and the main verb.

Usually in Brazil people express future using compound tenses. Compound sentences are formed conjugating the auxiliary verb “ir” (to go) in the present followed by the main verb in its infinitive form.

Before seeing and studying compound sentences in the future, let’s see the terminations used for the simple tense. You have already learned that when conjugating regular verbs, you need to preserve the root of the verb in the infinitive form and substitute “ar”, “er” or “ir” for specific terminations, according to the tense you want to get the verb conjugated.

For the future tense, you have to replace ar,er, and ir for the following bold terminations:

 

 Future – Simple tense

 

Person

Amar

(to love)

Comer

(to eat)

Abrir

(to open)

Singular

Eu

amarei

comerei

abrirei

Ele / Ela / Você A gente

amará

comerá

abrirá

Plural

Nós

amaremos

comeremos

abriremos

Eles/ Elas/ Vocês

amarão

comerão

abrirão

Examples:

  • Eu comerei – I’ll eat.
  • Ele comerá – He’ll eat.
  • Ela comerá – She’ll eat.
  • Você comerá – You’ll eat.
  • A gente comerá – We’ll eat.  
  • Nós comeremos – We’ll eat.
  • Eles comerão– They’ll eat.
  • Vocês comerão – You’ll eat.

 

Future – Compound Tense

 

Person

Ir conjugated + Amar

to love)

Ir conjugated + Comer

(to eat)

Ir conjugated + Abrir

(to open)

Singular

Eu

vou amar

vou comer

vou abrir

Ele / Ela / Você / A gente

vai amar

vai comer

vai abrir

Plural

Nós

vamos amar

vamos comer

vamos abrir

Eles/ Elas/ Vocês

vão amar

vão comer

vão abrir

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Examples:

  • Eu vou comer – I’m going to eat.
  • Ela vai comer – She is going to eat.
  • Ele vai comer – He is going to eat.
  • Você vai comer – You are going to eat
  • A gente vai comer – We are going to eat.
  • Nós vamos comer – We are going eat.
  • Elas vão comer – They are going to eat.
  • Vocês vão comer – You are going to eat.